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Bell barrow 500m south of Morden Grange Plantation

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bell barrow 500m south of Morden Grange Plantation

List entry Number: 1011714

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cambridgeshire

District: South Cambridgeshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Steeple Morden

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 26-Jul-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 24419

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows (particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance.

Despite the gradual erosion caused by ploughing, the bell barrow located to the south of Morden Grange Plantation retains a substantial proportion of the mound, and the surrounding ditch is largely undisturbed. The barrow forms part of a wider group of similar monuments distributed across the chalk uplands of northern Hertfordshire and southern Cambridgeshire. However, with few exceptions, notably on Therfield Heath and to the south of Melbourn, these features have been severely degraded by ploughing and can only be recognised from the cropmarks and soilmarks generated by the fills of the surrounding ditches. The importance of the monument is enhanced by its rarity as a surviving earthwork, and by its proximity to a number of these less well preserved round barrows, some 25 of which (including those at Gallow's Hill and Deadman's Hill) lie within a distance of 2m-3km. The significance of the monument is also enhanced by its proximity to the Icknield Way, a major communication route with prehistoric origins. The barrow will retain archaeological remains relating to the burial practices of the peoples who constructed and used it, and to the landscape in which it was set.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is situated between the A505 and the Baldock to Royston railway line on a natural rise which projects northwards from the line of the eastern Chiltern Hills. This location is clearly visible from the northern slopes of the chalk escarpment and from the route of the Icknield Way which crosses the lower ground to the north. The barrow mound is circular in plan, measuring approximately 35m in diameter and survives to a height of c.1m. Material for the construction of the barrow, which would have largely constituted chalk from the underlying bedrock, was quarried from a ditch, c.42m in diameter, which encircles the mound. Over the years the ditch has become infilled, yet it survives as a buried feature which has been recorded by aerial photography as a distinct soilmark measuring about 3m in width. The mound is apparently unexcavated, although it is thought likely to contain burial evidence and funerary artefacts dating from the Bronze Age, similar to that revealed in the mid 19th century when a series of barrows were opened on Therfield Heath, some 2.5km to the east.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Went, D, The Archaeological Remains on Therfield Heath, (1992)
Other
CUCAP, BLR 15 07/02/1973, (1973)
Ordnance Survey Revision notes 1973 (JRL), 03067 Round Barrow, Steeple Morden, (1984)
Soilmark, CUCAP, BLQ 90 06/02/1973, (1973)
Soilmark, CUCAP, BLQ 95 06/02/1973, (1973)
Stephenson, M, An Initial Survey of Prehistory in the Royston Area, 1980, Undergraduate dissertation

National Grid Reference: TL 30653 39018

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011714 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 02:10:31.

End of official listing