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Roppa South Cross on Carr Cote Ridge 1100m WSW of Piethorn

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Roppa South Cross on Carr Cote Ridge 1100m WSW of Piethorn

List entry Number: 1011746


The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Helmsley


Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 06-Jan-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 25685

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

The cross known as the Roppa South Cross on Helmsley Moor survives well in spite of the evidence of a broken shaft and battered head. It is in its original position at the side of an important medieval trackway from Helmsley to Bilsdale.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument comprises a cross base, cross shaft and cross head with a fragment of the original cross shaft set up beside it. It stands on open managed moorland 1100m WSW of the farm called Piethorn on the Carr Cote Ridge on Helmsley Moor. The cross is made from local fine gritstone. The base measures 0.63m by 0.6m at the ground and tapers to 0.5m by 0.48m. The base stands 0.47m high. The socket is 0.31m by 0.22m. In the socket is the broken shaft whose deep rippling may be the remains of a sculptured interlace design. The shaft measures 0.25m by 0.22m wide and 0.55m high. Above the shaft, fixed with cement is a fragmentary cross head, originally rounded, with a Maltese cross incised on the west face. Beside the cross on the south side, is a further piece of the shaft set up in the turf. This measures 0.27m by 0.22m and stands 0.57m high. This has a cross incised on the top surface. Such crosses appear to be the location marks of an estate boundary. Both standing structures should be considered as parts of the same monument.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Hayes, R H, Old Roads and Pannierways in North East Yorkshire, (1988), 43

National Grid Reference: SE 58724 92614


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This copy shows the entry on 21-Aug-2018 at 11:04:14.

End of official listing