Two cairns, centred 82m and 110m SW of Caradon Hill summit

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011810

Date first listed: 09-Oct-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 31-Mar-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two cairns, centred 82m and 110m SW of Caradon Hill summit
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011810 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 18-Oct-2018 at 00:23:02.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Linkinhorne

National Grid Reference: SX 27226 70696

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The quality and diversity of the evidence is such that the moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and hence it forms one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. Of particular note are the extensive relict landscapes of Prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date. Together these provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the moor from the earliest Prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.

Round cairns are funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), covering single or multiple burials. They were constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble, up to 40m in external diameter, but usually considerably smaller. Many variations in form are known, including types with outer banks, ditches, platforms or associated stone circles and rows; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds the edges of the mound, platform or bank, however the features of such subdivisions are often masked beneath rubble from weathering or recent disturbance. Burials were placed in small pits, sometimes containing a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old ground surface, or in the body of the cairn itself. Round cairns can occur as isolated monuments, in small groups or in cairn cemeteries. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation. These round cairns on Caradon Hill are reasonably well-preserved, have not been excavated and will retain original funerary deposits; the southernmost cairn displays a particularly good range of surviving original features. Their importance is enhanced by their location within a cairn group which contains a variety of different types of burial monument, demonstrating well the diversity of burial practice during the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a large round cairn and an embanked platform cairn with a central mound, centred 42m apart on a N-S axis, part of a linear cairn group on the summit dome of Caradon Hill on SE Bodmin Moor. The northern cairn survives as a circular turf-covered mound, 26m diameter and up to 1m high, comprising heaped small stones with occasional larger boulders visible; the N and W perimeters of the cairn are particularly well-defined. In the interior, some relatively recent disturbance for stone-robbing is evident as a shallow trench, 3m wide, running in from the SSW almost to the N edge, together with several linear mounds and hollows parallel to it on each side. This disturbance penetrates only to a limited depth within the cairn and it is considered that sub-surface funerary deposits and extensive areas of the old land surface will have survived intact beneath it. The southern cairn of the pair has a central turf-covered mound, 13m diameter and 2m high, composed of small to medium-sized stone. The mound has a hollowed upper surface, 5m in diameter and 0.6m deep. The mound drops to the level of the platform, 0.5m higher than the external ground level. On the periphery of the platform is the outer bank, 22m in external diameter, 2-3m wide and 1.5m high, leaving a gap 1.5-2m wide to the central mound. No trace of the platform projects beyond the bank. The bank has some gaps in its S sector due to recent stone robbing, but this cairn shows no evidence of any major disturbance. Both of these cairns have been surveyed on several occasions since 1907, but neither has been subject to any recorded archaeological excavation. They lie near the centre of a linear cairn group which extends on a NE-SW axis along the SW side of the hill's summit and contains ten recorded cairns of several types typical of the Early and Middle Bronze Age (c.2000 - 1000 BC) The concrete-and-steel guy-anchorage for the nearby transmitter mast and the dumped section of that mast are excluded from the scheduling but the land beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15042

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
3/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1409.04 and .12,
AM 7 scheduling description and maplet for CO 541d, Consulted 3/1991
Consulted 3/1991, Carter, A/RCHME, 1:2500 Air Photo Transcripton: SX 2770 (Consulted 3/1991),
Consulted 3/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1409.08,
Consulted 3/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1409.10,
Title: Ordnance Survey 6": 1 mile Map: Cornwall XXVIII NW Source Date: 1907 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing