Moated site 180m W of Fir Tree Farm

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1011882
Date first listed:
24-Oct-1973
Date of most recent amendment:
08-Nov-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Moated site 180m W of Fir Tree Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Cheshire West and Chester (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Marlston-cum-Lache
National Grid Reference:
SJ 39296 63491

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Despite some overploughing the monument is generally in a fairly good state of preservation and is unencumbered by modern development. The surface features on the island indicate that the site retains considerable evidence of structural foundations associated with the medieval manor house.

Details

The monument includes a moated site exhibiting traces of an access causeway and outer bank. The grassy island, measuring 63m x 47m, possesses surface features that include a low mound at the S corner some 8m x 7m x 0.2m high, and a low platform 0.1-0.3m high x 13m wide running NE-SW for some 30m. Surrounding the island is a dry moat 15m wide x 1.5m max. depth that is crossed by a causeway on the SE arm. An outer bank 0.3m high x 9m wide runs along the SW side of the moat. This monument is thought to have been the site of the manor house of Marlston, but it is not depicted or shown as occupied on early maps, thus suggesting early abandonment. All field boundaries are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
13451
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Other
Capstick, B., FMW Report, (1987)
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)
Pagination 164, Dodgson, PN Cheshire 4, EPNS, (1972)
RAF, CPE/UK 1935/2214-5, (1947)
RCHME (Keele), Marlston-cum-Lache (SJ36 SE5), (1988)
Record No. 1973, Moated Site 180m W of Fir Tree Farm, (1988)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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