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Lea Head moated site

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Lea Head moated site

List entry Number: 1011892

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Shropshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Woore

County: Staffordshire

District: Newcastle-under-Lyme

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Maer

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 19-Dec-1968

Date of most recent amendment: 21-Jan-1992

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13465

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The monument survives well, its earthworks being particularly evident. The site remains unencumbered by modern development and will retain considerable archaeological evidence of structural foundations associated with the building which occupied the island until c.1671.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument comprises a moated site situated in a shallow valley and includes an island surrounded by a stream-fed waterlogged moat. The grass covered island measures c.41m x 23m, contains a few trees, and projects out of the valley slope towards the stream. The surrounding moat is c.9-12m wide x 1.5m deep and is supplied by short channels at the N and W corners connecting with a stream flowing parallel to the moat's NW arm but separated from the moat by an outer bank c.12m max. width. Access to the island is via a stone revetted causeway on the SE arm. Lea Head moated site is unexcavated and, although no structural remains are visible, is seen as the precursor of the present Lea Head Manor built c.1671 some 70m to the SE. All fences are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)
PRN No. 185, Lea Head, Maer,
Snowdon, C A, AM 107, (1982)

National Grid Reference: SJ 75000 42113

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011892 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 02:18:54.

End of official listing