Round cairn 812m ESE of Trewalla Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011991

Date first listed: 01-Dec-1992


Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 812m ESE of Trewalla Farm
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Dec-2018 at 13:23:09.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: St. Cleer

National Grid Reference: SX 25457 70862


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation.

This small round cairn on southern Craddock Moor has survived reasonably well, despite the limited actions of stone robbers, and will retain many of its original features including burial deposits. Its proximity to other broadly contemporary settlement and funerary sites and to a medieval field system demonstrates well the nature of land use during the Prehistoric period and its subsequent development.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a small Prehistoric round cairn, situated near other broadly contemporary hut circles and cairns and amid an area of medieval cultivation ridges, on the western slope of the southern spur of Craddock Moor on SE Bodmin Moor. The cairn survives with a circular mound of heaped rubble, 4m in diameter and 0.6m high, and largely turf-covered. Relatively recent stone-robbing has produced a hollow, 1.5m in diameter and 0.2m deep, in the NE sector of the mound. A slight earth-and-rubble bank, 0.75m wide and 0.2m high, runs WSW, downslope, from the western edge of the cairn, extending beyond the monument and forming one of a series of such banks that subdivide the medieval cultivation ridges on this hillside.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15168

Legacy System: RSM


Consulted 1/1992, Carter, A/RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2570,
consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1443,
consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1444,
consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1446,
consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1446.04,
Consulted 7/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2470 & SX 2471,
p.268; SX27SE 1444 Craddock Moor, Cornwall Archaeological Unit, Bodmin Moor Cornwall. An evaluation for the MPP, (1990)

End of official listing