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Tor Dike linear earthwork

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Tor Dike linear earthwork

List entry Number: 1012003

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Craven

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Kettlewell with Starbotton

County: North Yorkshire

District: Richmondshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Carlton Highdale

National Park: YORKSHIRE DALES

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 14-Jun-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 24537

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Linear boundaries are substantial earthwork features comprising single or multiple ditches and banks which may extend over distances varying between less than 1km to over 10km. They survive as earthworks or as linear features visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs or as a combination of both. The evidence of excavation and study of associated monuments demonstrate that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. The scale of many linear boundaries has been taken to indicate that they were constructed by large social groups and were used to mark important boundaries in the landscape; their impressive scale displaying the corporate prestige of their builders. They would have been powerful symbols, often with religious associations, used to define and order the territorial holdings of those groups who constructed them. Linear earthworks are of considerable importance for the analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age; all well preserved examples will normally merit statutory protection.

This is a well preserved and substantial monument which will retain significant archaeological evidence within its bank and ditch. Unusually it has a series of broadly contemporary settlements and enclosures abutting it. Information on the development of the earthwork and its relationship with the adjacent settlement remains will be preserved.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This substantial linear earthwork is situated across a valley head guarding access into Coverdale from Upper Wharfedale. It stretches for a length of approximately 2000m. The western section of the earthwork includes a ditch, 3m deep and approximately 6m wide, cut into the base of a vertical limestone scar. Above the ditch on the north side is an earth and stone rampart averaging 1m high and 3m wide. Sections of the rampart include rough grooves and pits where stone has been quarried to build the adjacent wall at some time in the more recent past. Further west the limestone scar peters out and a shallower and narrower ditch extends discernibly as far as Top Mere Gate. Where the scar terminates on the east side the line is strengthened and continued by a substantial rampart averaging 1.8m in height and approximately 4m wide. In places, both on the east and west sides of the monument, the rampart is abutted by small enclosures and hut circles, with diameters of up to 20m, of an Iron Age type, which are broadly contemporary in date. Other enclosures built into the ditch at several points appear to be later. The field wall running along the edge of the rampart and the surface of the road crossing the monument are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Beresford, M W, Jones, G R J, Leeds and its Region, (1967), 98
Other
White, R,

National Grid Reference: SD 98136 75477

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012003 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 10:31:48.

End of official listing