Long barrow in Barrow Clump, Stockton Down

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012047

Date first listed: 10-Mar-1925

Date of most recent amendment: 06-Feb-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Long barrow in Barrow Clump, Stockton Down
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Stockton

National Grid Reference: ST 96565 37624

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. The Barrow Clump long barrow is important as, despite partial excavation in the 19th century, it survives comparatively well and has potential for the recovery of further archaeological remains in addition to environmental evidence relating to the period in which the monument was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow set on high ground above the Wylye Valley. The barrow mound is ovoid in plan and orientated NNE-SSW. It has dimensions of 32m long, 14m wide and stands to a height of 1.5m. Although no longer visible at ground level ditches, from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument, flank the mound to the east and west. These have become infilled over the years but survive as buried features c.3m across. The site was partially excavated by Colt-Hoare and Cunnington in the 19th century. Finds included the burials of three adults and a youth as well as the skull of a fifth person. They also found a stone cist or box, 1m deep and filled with flints and marl.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12299

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing