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Whomerley Wood moated site

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Whomerley Wood moated site

List entry Number: 1012052

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hertfordshire

District: Stevenage

District Type: District Authority

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 22-Mar-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Apr-1991

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 11515

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often, or seasonally, water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings or, in some cases, which were used for horticulture. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England, and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains. Whomerley Wood moat is a very fine example of a double island site, surviving in excellent condition. The ditches are partially water- logged. The site is considered to have great potential for the preservation of archaeological and environmental deposits, both within the ditches and on the island. Small-scale excavations and a survey have confirmed the interpretation of the site, whilst historical records have identified the moat as the home of the de Homilies.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the well-preserved remains of a medieval moat and its associated outworks. The moat measures some 73m. across and is roughly square in form. The surrounding ditch measures between 5 and 10m. across and is some 1.5m. deep. The ditch still retains water on the north and west sides. An entrance causeway crosses the ditch at the north-west corner. An inner and outer bank are visible on either side of the ditch which are truncated in places, perhaps due to the limited excavations of 1924 and 1953. The interior is very uneven and may once have contained various structural features. There is a water filled pond just inside the entrance. The narrow entrance causeway leads to a second moated enclosure to the north-west which is also surrounded by a 5m. wide ditch and which may have been constructed to strengthen the defences around the entrance.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
23/1/1926, Murry, M, (1926)
Bosowitz and Roberts, (1954)

National Grid Reference: TL 24678 23673

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012052 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 09:49:38.

End of official listing