Bowl barrow 750m south-east of Barbury Castle Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012192

Date first listed: 17-Feb-1927

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Oct-1991


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 750m south-east of Barbury Castle Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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This copy shows the entry on 10-Dec-2018 at 17:58:31.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Ogbourne St. Andrew

National Grid Reference: SU 15816 75179


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation of the Barbury Castle barrow mound and disturbance to parts of the ditch by cultivation, much of the monument remains intact and survives comparatively well. It therefore has significant archaeological potential. The importance of the monument is enhanced by the fact that numerous other barrow mounds survive in the area. These give an indication of the extent to which the area was settled during the Bronze Age.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow set below the crest of a steep west-facing slope in an area of undulating chalk downland known as Barbury Hill. The barrow mound is 21m in diameter and stands to a height of 2m. A hollow in the centre of the mound, 8m across and 0.4m deep, suggests partial excavation of the site, probably in the late 19th century. Surrounding the barrow is a ditch from which material was quarried during construction of the mound. This survives as an earthwork 5m wide and 0.4m deep to the north, south, south-west and north-east of the barrow mound and, elsewhere, as a buried feature clearly visible as a dark soil mark in the adjacent arable fields.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12210

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing