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Bowl barrow 200m from Stone Street, one of six in West Wood

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 200m from Stone Street, one of six in West Wood

List entry Number: 1012206

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Kent

District: Shepway

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Lyminge

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 15-Jan-1975

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Jan-1991

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12814

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The barrow 200m from Stone Street is the best surviving example of the group in West Wood, exhibiting both a prominent mound and a clearly visible ditch. As the most intact of the group, it holds considerable archaeological potential for the recovery of evidence of the manner and duration of its use, as well as of the environment in which it was constructed. The group of which the barrow is a member illustrates the importance of the locality for burials in the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This example lies 120m east of its nearest neighbour on the western side of West Wood, 200m from Stone Street. The monument includes a bowl barrow which comprises an earthen mound and an encircling ditch. The mound measures 22m in diameter and survives to an impressive height averaging 2.2m above the level of the surrounding, slightly sloping, land. The surrounding ditch, which is most easily visible on the western side, occupies the area within 5m of the foot of the mound. It was dug to provide the earth and flint rubble for the construction of the mound. The mound and ditch together have a diameter of 32m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Spurrell, F, 'Arch Journal' in Arch Journal, , Vol. 40, (1883), 292
Other
Darvill, T, Monument Class Description - Bowl barrows, 1988,

National Grid Reference: TR 13655 43040

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012206 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 05:55:04.

End of official listing