Bowl barrow 690m north of Rockley Manor: part of the Rockley Plantation barrow cemetery
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 20-Sep-2019 at 10:48:07.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
- Ogbourne St. Andrew
- National Grid Reference:
- SU 16555 72572
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
The Rockley Plantation barrows survive well, despite afforestation, and have good potential for the recovery of archaeological evidence for the nature and duration of use of the monuments and the environment within which they were constructed. Such barrow cemeteries give an indication of the intensity with which areas were settled during the Bronze Age period as well as the variety of beliefs and nature of social organisation present within society at that time.
The monument includes a bowl barrow set on a slight east-facing slope above
the floor of a dry valley in an area of undulating chalk downland. The
barrow mound is 1m high and 30m in diameter. Although no longer visible at
ground level, a ditch from which material was quarried during the
construction of the monument, surrounds the mound. This survives as a buried
feature c.3m wide. The ditch and mound together have a diameter of 36m.
The monument forms part of a wider barrow cemetery which comprises five
other barrow mounds.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing