Bowl Barrow 225m S of Tolsford Hill telecommunications mast


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012269

Date first listed: 19-Oct-1964

Date of most recent amendment: 25-Feb-1991


Ordnance survey map of Bowl Barrow 225m S of Tolsford Hill telecommunications mast
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Kent

District: Shepway (District Authority)

Parish: Lyminge

National Grid Reference: TR 15962 38634


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite the limited damage to the monument near the Tolsford mast caused by small-scale partial excavation and by agricultural activity, the monument retains considerable archaeological potential through the survival of much of the barrow mound, the original ground surface below the mound and the lower parts of the surrounding ditch, evidence from all of which can contribute to an understanding of the date, manner and duration of use of the monument and of the environment in which it was constructed. This monument is also one of a small cluster of barrows on Tolsford Hill which point to the importance of the locality in the Bronze Age.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the mound and encircling ditch of a barrow or burial mound which dates from the Bronze Age. The mound measures some 7m in diameter and stands to a height of 1.6m above the level of the ground. There is a trace of the surrounding ditch in the form of a slight hollow area some 2m across, most easily visible on the western side. Agricultural activity has truncated the barrow mound so that a gap of 2m exists between the barrow mound and its ditch. The overall diameter of the monument is therefore judged to be 25m. The surface of the mound shows evidence of small-scale partial excavation but no records survive to describe the nature of any finds. The barrow mound is marked on the eastern and western sides by star-shaped signs, which are excluded from the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12806

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Spurrell, F, 'Archaeological Journal' in Archaeological Journal, , Vol. 40, (1883), 292
Darvill, T, Monument Class Description - Bowl barrows, 1988,

End of official listing