This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Bowl barrow 250m west of Brockman's Bushes plantation on Tolsford Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 250m west of Brockman's Bushes plantation on Tolsford Hill

List entry Number: 1012275

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Kent

District: Shepway

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Newington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 19-Oct-1964

Date of most recent amendment: 25-Feb-1991

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12808

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The monument near Brockman's Bushes survives to a greater extent than many in the region. In spite of the limited disturbance to the mound caused by small-scale partial excavation and damage during military training, the monument retains its archaeological potential since only a small part of the whole mound has been affected. It is also part of a cluster of similar monuments on Tolsford Hill which demonstrate the importance of the locality for burial in the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age barrow which comprises an earthen mound 17m in diameter and over 3m high at the summit, as well as a circular ditch some 5m in maximum width. The mound is steeply-sided and has a depression in the top which marks the position of an old excavation trench. No records of these excavations have survived. A similar depression in the western side of the mound has resulted from the more recent digging of a fox-hole during military training. The surrounding ditch is most easily visible on the southern and western sides. Here it takes the form of a depression up to 0.4m deep and some 5m from inner to outer edge. The ditch provided the earth for the construction of the mound. The mound and the ditch have an overall diameter of 27m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Spurrell, F, 'Arch Journal' in Arch Journal, , Vol. 40, (1883), 292
Other
Darvill, T, Monument Class Description - Bowl barrows, 1988,

National Grid Reference: TR 16035 38316

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012275 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 07:35:52.

End of official listing