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Two bowl barrows 820m north of Rockley Manor: part of the Rockley Plantation barrow cemetery

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two bowl barrows 820m north of Rockley Manor: part of the Rockley Plantation barrow cemetery

List entry Number: 1012305

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Ogbourne St. Andrew

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-Mar-1927

Date of most recent amendment: 09-Jul-1991

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12270

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Rockley Plantation barrows survive well, despite afforestation, and have good potential for the recovery of archaeological evidence for the nature and duration of use of the monument and the environment within which they were constructed. Such barrow cemeteries give an indication of the intensity with which areas were settled during the Bronze Age period as well as the variety of beliefs and nature of social organisation present within society at that time.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows, aligned SW-NE and set on a slight east-facing slope above the floor of a dry valley in an area of undulating chalk downland. The western barrow mound is 3m high and 21m in diameter. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument, surrounds the mound. This survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The barrow mound was partially excavated by Brook in 1889. Finds included a cremation burial. Some 15m to the east is a second bowl barrow. The mound is 1.5m high and 19m across while surrounding it is a ditch, visible as an earthwork on all but the north-east side, surviving to a depth of 0.5m and 4m wide. The monument forms part of a wider barrow cemetery which comprises four other barrow mounds.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Report of the Marlborough College NHS, (1889)

National Grid Reference: SU 16422 72778

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012305 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 02:44:47.

End of official listing