Romano-British Settlement at Chittering, Cambs
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1012359
Date first listed: 17-Dec-1991
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: South Cambridgeshire (District Authority)
National Grid Reference: TL 49830 70205
Reasons for Designation
In Roman Britain the majority of the population lived in the countryside and were engaged in farming. Many small farmers lived in rural settlements whilst larger farms were often centred around a Romanised farmhouse or villa. In the second century AD a major scheme of land drainage was implemented in the fenland area and many farming settlements became established alongside the Roman roads. Very few villas are known in this area as the region was probably administered as an Imperial Estate. Trackways ran at right angles from the Roman roads and led to settlements which varied in size and design. All were associated with a regular pattern of fields utilised for arable farming, stock rearing and horticulture. Chittering is one of very few Romano-British fen-edge rural settlements surviving as earthworks. Its importance is emphasised by its proximity to a major Roman road and trackways providing good communications with other settlements in the vicinity. Since the site has not been ploughed there is considerable potential for the survival of below ground archaeological remains.
This site is composed of a series of earthworks representing the remains of
part of a substantial farming settlement of the Roman period. It lies beside
the modern A10 and close to the Roman road Akeman Street. The site covers
approximately 2.6ha and consists of a group of raised rectangular areas laid
out in a regular pattern and standing to a height of about 0.8m. A number of
trackways divide the platforms, and shallow depressions within the raised
areas are considered to be the remains of house foundations. Finds of pottery
and evidence of crop marks from aerial photographs indicate that this
settlement extended both to the west alongside Akeman Street and to the east
of the existing area of earthworks, although this area has been extensively
disturbed by ploughing. Pottery dated to the second, third and fourth
centuries AD has been found in areas adjacent to the site, indicating the
extensive and fairly long lived nature of the settlement.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 13605
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
Phillips, C W , 'Royal Geographical Society Research Series' in The Fenland in Roman Times, (1970)
CUCAP, ANB 11-14,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing