Bowl barrow 250m north of Sevenbarrows House: Part of the Seven Barrows cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012424

Date first listed: 21-Mar-1938

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Jul-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 250m north of Sevenbarrows House: Part of the Seven Barrows cemetery
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: West Berkshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Lambourn

National Grid Reference: SU 32475 83151

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Sevenbarrows Farm barrow is important as it survives comparatively well and, with no evidence for excavation of the site, has potential for the recovery of archaeological remains. The significance of the site is considerably enhanced by its inclusion within the `Seven Barrows' barrow cemetery. Such groups give an indication of the intensity with which areas were occupied during prehistory and provide evidence for the range of beliefs and nature of social organisation in the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set on the floor of a dry valley in an area of gently undulating chalk downland. The barrow mound is 35m in diameter and stands to a height of 2m. A ditch, from which material was quarried during construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This has been partly infilled over the years but survives as an earthwork 3m wide and up to 0.5m deep. The monument is an outlier to a wider barrow cemetery, the core of which is some 350m to the east.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12242

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing