Moated site and fishponds NNW of St James' Church

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012524

Date first listed: 04-Jan-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Moated site and fishponds NNW of St James' Church
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Leicestershire

District: Hinckley and Bosworth (District Authority)

Parish: Twycross

National Grid Reference: SK 33800 05028, SK 33886 05134

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moat and fishponds at Twycross survive well. The earthworks are well defined and the monument is of high archaeological potential due both to the lack of disturbance and to waterlogging in part of the moat and one of the ponds providing conditions favourable to the preservation of organic remains.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument at Twycross is located on the north side of the village and includes two separate areas: the first containing a moat and fishpond, and the second situated 100m to the north containing two fishponds.

The moated site is rectangular and measures 55m x 65m overall. The moat ditch is mainly dry with the exception of part of the northern arm. It measures an average of 1m deep and 10m wide but widens out considerably in the south- eastern corner and has an entrance causeway, thought to be original, on the south side. On the north-east side of the moat is a long fishpond, situated on lower ground, measuring 10m x 45m and up to 2m deep and connected to the moat by a short channel. The two fishponds in the second area lie parallel to a stream on its southern bank and had a connecting channel to the stream, now silted, at the eastern end. The ponds are embanked and measure 10m x 30m and 10m x 35m respectively and about 2m deep, the north-eastern pond containing water, with a 5m wide causeway between the two.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 17064

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing