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Linear earthwork at High Harker Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Linear earthwork at High Harker Hill

List entry Number: 1012602

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Richmondshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Grinton

National Park: YORKSHIRE DALES

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 30-Jun-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 24560

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Linear boundaries are substantial earthwork features comprising single or multiple ditches and banks which may extend over distances varying between less than 1km to over 10km. They survive as earthworks or as linear features visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs or as a combination of both. The evidence of excavation and study of associated monuments demonstrate that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. The scale of many linear boundaries has been taken to indicate that they were constructed by large social groups and were used to mark important boundaries in the landscape; their impressive scale displaying the corporate prestige of their builders. They would have been powerful symbols, often with religious associations, used to define and order the territorial holdings of those groups who constructed them. Linear earthworks are of considerable importance for the analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age; all well preserved examples will normally merit statutory protection.

This is an extremely well preserved and substantial monument, which is likely also to include extensive, environmentally important deposits within its ditch.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This substantial curvilinear earthwork extends across the slopes of High Harker Hill. The monument falls into two sections separated by a natural steep scree. The southern section runs across the east facing valley head for a length of 400m. The southern end terminates at the lip of a steep stream gulley, its northern end by the start of a steep scree slope. It includes a substantial earth and stone rampart 2.6m high, a maximum of 13m wide, ditched on the east side. The ditch has a maximum width of 3.3m and a maximum depth of 5m. At the south end, the earthwork is mainly visible as a substantial scarp with a slight counterscarp bank 1m high. It is now broken by numerous small streams. The northern section of earthworks extends for a distance of 260m from the northern end of the steep scree slope to the top of a steep north facing slope. The rampart is of similar composition and dimensions to that further south, and is ditched on the east side. There are traces of a wall surmounting this section of the rampart, however it is uncertain whether this is original. The break in the earthworks at the centre of this section maybe original, a footpath now crosses at this point. The two sections separated by a natural steep scree slope form an effective barrier against movement from the east. The earthworks are part of a broader group of probable territorial boundaries known as the Grinton-Fremington Dyke system. This includes valley bottom earthworks as well as those in upland locations.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Laurie, T C, 'British Archaeological Reports British Series' in Early Land Division and Settlement in Swaledale, , Vol. 143, (1983), 135-162

National Grid Reference: SE 02368 97045, SE 02762 97440

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012602 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 06:07:19.

End of official listing