Long barrow in the grounds of Long Barrow House
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Sep-2019 at 11:49:42.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Winchester (District Authority)
- National Park:
- SOUTH DOWNS
- National Grid Reference:
- SU 60561 17909
Reasons for Designation
Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.
The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and one of the most important concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. The Long Barrow House monument is significant as it survives comparatively well and, with no evidence of formal excavation, has considerable archaeological potential.
The monument survives as an earthen mound in a private garden,
situated just off the crest of a steep east-facing slope above the
River Meon. The barrow mound is rectangular in plan, flat- topped and
orientated NE-SW. It is 30m long, 15m wide and stands to an average
height of 3.2m above the ground surface. Clean, closely packed chalk
rubble is exposed in the sides of a central quarry pit dug into the
mound. A large ditch, from which mound material was quarried, is
recorded as having been found by a former owner in the garden to the
east. Both this and the western ditch survive as buried features,
having been infilled over the years.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing