The southern of three enclosures north of Ford Waste
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1012700
Date first listed: 12-Jan-1961
Date of most recent amendment: 10-Jun-1992
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: South Hams (District Authority)
National Park: DARTMOOR
National Grid Reference: SX 60801 61894
Reasons for Designation
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Within the landscape of Dartmoor
there are many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of
stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though
earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or
as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to
accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. The size
and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably depending on their
particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to
other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of
social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities.
They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial
proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.
This enclosure with hut circles north of Ford Waste forms part of a dense concentration of occupation evidence along Ford Brook.
This enclosure lies on a south-east facing slope north of Ford Waste. It is
sub-rectangular in shape, with an indentation in the north-west side and two
hut circles close to this feature. The enclosure is cut by a later newtake
wall and corn ditch. The enclosure measures 80m in length (east/west) and 40m
in width (north/south) and has a bank of earth and stone up to 3m in width and
0.5m in height, partly robbed of stone in the vicinity of the newtake wall.
The south-east bank lies on a lynchet. The huts are 6m and 9m in diameter
respectively, with walls up to 3m in thickness and 0.3m in height.
The intake wall is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath
it is included.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 10765
Legacy System: RSM
SX66SW-099, SX66SW-099, (1990)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing