Enclosure with hut circles north of Harrowthorn Plantation

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012739

Date first listed: 10-Jan-1972

Date of most recent amendment: 29-Oct-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Enclosure with hut circles north of Harrowthorn Plantation
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: South Hams (District Authority)

Parish: Cornwood

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 62297 62451

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. The enclosure north of Harrowthorn Plantation is a well-preserved example with hut circles. It provides important insight into farming practices on the Moor during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The Dartmoor landscape includes many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or earth and stone banks, which acted as stock pens or protected areas for crop growing. Some of them were subdivided to accommodate hut dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. Many examples date to the Bronze Age (c.2500 to 500BC), though earlier and later ones also exist. The enclosure north of Harrowthorn Plantation lies on the west slope of Stalldown and contains 19 hut circles terraced into the slope, it is bisected by a stream which would have provided a convenient supply of essential fresh water. The enclosure is 180m by 130m., its wall is up to a metre high and 2m. wide, it is faced with orthostats and includes large boulders as well as smaller stones. The hut walls remain to a height of three courses of stone up to 0.7m high and 3m thick with hut diameters of up to 12m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 10507

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County SMR (SX 66 SW-083),

End of official listing