Round barrow 230m east of Sutton Bank Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012744

Date first listed: 07-Nov-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow 230m east of Sutton Bank Farm
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Cold Kirby

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: SE 51684 82664

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance this barrow has survived well. Significant information about the original form, burials placed within it and evidence of earlier land use beneath the mound will be preserved. Together with adjacent barrows it is thought to represent a territorial marker. The barrows are associated with a later prehistoric linear boundary system which divided the terrain into discrete units, formalising divisions created by the barrows. Such groupings of monuments offer important scope for the study of the division of land for social, ritual and agricultural purposes in this area during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position on the west edge of Hambleton Down. The barrow has a well defined earth and stone mound standing 1.5m high. It is round in shape and 14m in diameter. This mound was surrounded by a ditch up to 3m wide which has become filled in over the years and is no longer visible as an earthwork. Excavations in antiquity have left a large hole 2.5m across and 1.5m deep in the centre of the mound. There are many similar barrows on this area of the Hambleton Hills. Many of these lie in closely associated groups, and are associated with a system of later prehistoric boundaries. They provide evidence of territorial organisation marking divisions of land; divisions which still remain as some parish or township boundaries.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 26925

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. BAR 104, (1993), 116-132

End of official listing