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Lob Wells Shelter

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Lob Wells Shelter

List entry Number: 1012803

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Rotherham

District Type: Metropolitan Authority

Parish: Thorpe Salvin

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 11-Mar-1991

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13241

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Palaeolithic caves and rock shelters provide some of the earliest evidence of human activity in the period from about 400,000 to 10,000 years ago. The sites, all natural topographic features, occur mainly in hard limestone in the north and west of the country, although examples also exist in the softer rocks of south-east England. Evidence for human occupation is often located near the cave entrances, close to the rock walls or on the exterior platforms. The interiors sometimes served as special areas for disposal and storage or were places where material naturally accumulated from the outside. Because of the special conditions of deposition and preservation, organic and other fragile materials often survive well and in stratigraphic association. Caves and rock shelters are therefore of major importance for understanding this period. Due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all examples with good survival of deposits are considered to be nationally important.

The Palaeolithic Caves of Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and South Yorkshire belong to a major regional group of which Lob Wells Shelter is an important example due to the quantity of surviving deposit.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Lob Wells Shelter is located on the south side of the shallow valley of the Bondhay Dike, c.250m above the risings of the Lob Wells. The site consists of a 3m overhang, 2.5m above the present floor, along a front 6m wide. During excavations carried out by G.F. White in the 1960s and 70s, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Roman material was recovered. However, the shelter also contains Later Upper Palaeolithic material, including retouched tools. Only a small area immediately beneath the overhang has been investigated. Other areas, including the talus slope have been left undisturbed. In addition, in situ material survives below the level of the excavations which did not reach bedrock. The monument includes all deposits within the cave, and outside the cave it includes an area of 10m radius from the cave entrance.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Campbell, J B, The Upper Palaeolithic of Britain, (1977)
Jacobi, R M, 'Culture and Environment in Prehistoric Wales: Selected Essays' in The Upper Palaeolithic of Britain with special ref. to Wales, (1980), 15-100
Other
Jenkinson, R D S, The Archaeological caves and rockshelters in the Creswell Crags, 1978, Pamphlet

National Grid Reference: SK 53146 80358

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012803 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 16-Dec-2017 at 07:22:03.

End of official listing