Bowl barrow 350m north east of The Wreay


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012820

Date first listed: 07-Feb-1997


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 350m north east of The Wreay
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012820 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 19-Dec-2018 at 15:25:09.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden (District Authority)

Parish: Catterlen

National Grid Reference: NY 48511 30477


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite minor surface disturbance to the western part of the monument and the presence of a drystone wall across the centre of the mound, the bowl barrow 350m north east of The Wreay survives reasonably well. It will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old land surface beneath. It lies close to two earlier long cairns and demonstrates changing burial practice during the prehistoric period. Information on its relationship to those adjacent monuments will be preserved.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow located on the southern edge of a local high point 350m north east of The Wreay. It includes a slightly oval earthen mound up to 0.3m high with maximum dimensions of 20m by 18m. A drystone wall aligned north-south crosses the mound and to the west of the wall there is a slight circular depression in the barrow's surface suggesting an unrecorded antiquarian investigation of part of the monument. The drystone wall is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 23767

Legacy System: RSM


Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

End of official listing