Long barrow 640m south-east of Stock's Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012946

Date first listed: 29-May-1974

Date of most recent amendment: 28-Jan-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Long barrow 640m south-east of Stock's Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Winchester (District Authority)

Parish: Corhampton and Meonstoke

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 63789 19555

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. The Stock's Farm barrow is important as, despite some disturbance to the site by quarrying, it survives comparatively well and, with no evidence of formal excavation, the monument has considerable archaeological potential.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow conspicuously sited on a low ridge which forms the highest ground in a broad valley. The mound is orientated NE-SW and is about 80m long and 20m wide. Although the centre of the mound has been disturbed by quarrying, it stands to a height of 2m. The mound is flanked by ditches from which the mound material was quarried. Although no longer visible at ground level, these survive as buried features to a width of 5.5m. Berms, up to 2m wide, separate the ditches from the mound. Human bones are recorded as having been found on the site. These may have been discovered during quarrying activities.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12090

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Draper, C, Mesolithic And Neolithic Distribution In SE Hampshire, (1955)
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979)
Other
Title: Ordnance Survey 6" Map Source Date: 1910 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing