Long barrow 250m north-east of Upper Cranbourne Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013005

Date first listed: 17-Oct-1990


Ordnance survey map of Long barrow 250m north-east of Upper Cranbourne Farm
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This copy shows the entry on 16-Dec-2018 at 15:36:05.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Winchester (District Authority)

Parish: Wonston

National Grid Reference: SU 48961 42489


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and one of the most important concentrations of monuments of this type in the country.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a long barrow set along the east end of a low ridge and on the edge of an arable field close to the east-bound carriageway of the A303. The barrow mound is orientated SE-NW and is rectangular in plan with maximum dimensions of 63m long by 20m wide. It survives to a height of c.0.5m. Running parallel to the north and south sides of the mound are quarry ditches 7m wide, separated from the mound by berms 7m wide. Neither are visible as earthworks but do survive as below-ground features. A record of the barrow on Isaac Taylor's map of Hampshire (1759) suggests that the monument was more conspicuous then than it is today.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12104

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979)
Title: Map of Hampshire Source Date: 1759 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing