Bowl barrow 70m north of Oliver Cromwell's Battery


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013042

Date first listed: 29-Sep-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 03-Dec-1990


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 70m north of Oliver Cromwell's Battery
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Winchester (District Authority)

Parish: Olivers Battery

National Grid Reference: SU 45871 27965


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation of the barrow mound, much of the monument remains intact and therefore has considerable archaeological potential.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a small bowl barrow situated in private gardens and set on a hill-top 70m north of Oliver Cromwell's Battery. The barrow mound survives as a low grass-covered earthwork measuring 10m across from east-west and 11m from north-south. The barrow stands to a height of 0.7m and is surrounded by a ditch c.3m wide which survives as a buried feature. The monument was partially excavated in 1930, producing a burial in a small chalk cist.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12141

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Andrew, W J, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Report on the first excavations at Oliver's Battery in 1930, , Vol. 12, (1932), 5-10

End of official listing