Bowl barrow 200m east of Oxhanger Wood


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013046

Date first listed: 10-Apr-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Mar-1991


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 200m east of Oxhanger Wood
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Feb-2019 at 21:42:16.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Chute

National Grid Reference: SU 28708 55107

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

There is no evidence for formal excavation of the Oxhanger Wood monument and the site has considerable archaeological potential. The importance of the monument is enhanced by the recovery of what is believed to be evidence for contemporary settlement in surrounding fields.


The monument includes a bowl barrow set on a prominent hill-top with extensive views in all directions except to the north. The barrow mound is 2m high and has a diameter of 25m. A ditch, from which the mound material was quarried, surrounds the barrow mound. This has filled in over the years and is no longer visible at ground level. It does, however, survive as a buried feature c.3m wide. Finds of burnt flint recorded in surrounding fields suggest occupation remains, broadly contemporary with the barrow, in the immediate area.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12178

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing