Three bowl barrows 560m north of Otterwood Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013115

Date first listed: 07-Dec-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Three bowl barrows 560m north of Otterwood Farm
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: New Forest (District Authority)

Parish: Denny Lodge

National Park: NEW FOREST

National Grid Reference: SU 40991 02617

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The three bowl barrows 560m north of Otterwood Farm survive comparatively well adjacent to a waterlogged area, making it likely that environmental evidence may survive relating to the landscape in which the monument was constructed. Furthermore, the monument survives within the New Forest which is known to have been important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation. A considerable amount of archaeological evidence has survived in this area because of a lack of agricultural activity, the result of later climatic deterioration, development of heath and the establishment of a Royal Forest.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes three bowl barrows situated on lowland heath overlooking the valley of Stock Water. Two of the barrows have not previously been excavated and important archaeological deposits will remain intact. The western barrow mound measures 6m in diameter and stands up to 0.25m high. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.1m wide. The second mound is situated 12m south-east of the first and measures 6m in diameter and 0.3m high. The surrounding ditch is no longer visible but survives as a buried feature. The third barrow is situated 18m south-east of the second, measures 14m in diameter and stands up to 0.9m high. A shallow hollow in the mound centre suggests previous robbing or an early partial excavation. The surrounding ditch is no longer visible, but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20259

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1938), 362
Other
Darvill, T C, Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), 1988,
Darvill, T C, Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), 1988,

End of official listing