Bowl barrow on Barrow Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013185

Date first listed: 22-Oct-1970

Date of most recent amendment: 15-Feb-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Barrow Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: West Berkshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Beedon

National Grid Reference: SU 46766 78618

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Barrow Hill monument is important as it survives well, despite partial excavation in the 19th century. In particular, ditch deposits and the buried ground surface remain intact and have considerable archaeological potential.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set below the crest of a gentle south- facing slope. The barrow mound has a maximum diameter of 32m and is 1.75m high. Although part of the mound has been squared-off by cultivation, the edge of it is still visible as an earthwork in the arable field. Surrounding the barrow mound is a ditch from which the mound material was quarried. This has been infilled over the years and survives as a buried feature 3m wide. The mound and ditch together have a diameter of 38m. The site was partially excavated in 1815. Finds included a cremation burial and incense cup in the south side of the mound. Further excavations in the centre of the mound in 1850 produced a circle of post holes containing charred wood. In addition a small cist containing part of a bronze riveted dagger were found when removing turf c.1860.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12080

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Long, C, 'Archaeological Journal' in Archaeological Journal, , Vol. 7, (1850)
Palmer, S, 'The Berkshire Archaeological Association' in Journal of the Berkshire Archaeological Association, , Vol. 17, (1861)

End of official listing