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Long barrow at Combe Gibbet, Gallows Down.

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Long barrow at Combe Gibbet, Gallows Down.

List entry Number: 1013198

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: West Berkshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Combe

County:

District: West Berkshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Inkpen

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 26-Aug-1924

Date of most recent amendment: 30-Aug-1990

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12001

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

Only three long barrows are recorded in Berkshire. As such they represent outliers to the important cluster of similar monuments in Wiltshire and Dorset.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow on Gallows Down, 2km south of Inkpen. The barrow is orientated east-west with flanking ditches clearly visible to the north and south. The mound survives to a length of c.65m and a width of 20m. It is higher to the eastern end where it survives to a height of 1.5m. Elsewhere the mound averages between 0.5m and 1m. The ditches survive running the full length of the mound to a width of 7m. The ditch is separated from the mound by a narrow berm, varying in width between 3 and 7m. Both ditches survive to a depth of 0.5m. No records of excavation or burial survive. Situated on the mound, 25m from the east end, is Combe Gibbet. This survives as a replacement for the original gallows and stands 4m in height with a biased crossbar. The Gibbet structure is excluded from the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Underhill, F M, 'Berkshire Archaeological Journal' in British Archaeological Journal, , Vol. 49, (1946), 51

National Grid Reference: SU 36474 62235

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013198 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Sep-2018 at 09:41:39.

End of official listing