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Tow Barrow: a long barrow on Wexcombe Down

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Tow Barrow: a long barrow on Wexcombe Down

List entry Number: 1013219

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Grafton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Mar-1925

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Jul-1991

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12274

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. Tow Barrow is important as, despite partial excavation in 1914, it survives particularly well and has potential for the recovery of archaeological evidence for the nature and duration of use of the monument and the environment within which it was constructed. The importance of the monument is further enhanced by the fact that several other long barrows and additional evidence for contemporary settlement survive in the area. This illustrates the intensity with which this part of east Wiltshire was settled during the Neolithic period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes Tow Barrow, a long barrow set below the crest of a west- facing slope in an area of undulating chalk downland. It survives as an earthwork orientated SSW-NNE and is rectangular in plan. The barrow mound is 30m long, 22m wide and stands to a height of 1.5m. Flanking ditches, from which material used to construct the mound was quarried, run parallel to the north and south sides of the mound. These have partly infilled over the years but survive as earthworks 5m wide and 1m deep on the south side and 6m wide and 1.5m deep to the north. The site was partially excavated by Crawford and Hooton in 1914 and Neolithic pottery was recovered.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine Volume 43, , Vol. 43, ()
'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine: Volume 41, ()
'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine: Volume No 38, , Vol. No 38, ()

National Grid Reference: SU 27424 57745

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013219 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 09:45:55.

End of official listing