Moated site at Balsdon Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013243

Date first listed: 13-Dec-1977

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Oct-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Moated site at Balsdon Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013243 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 17-Nov-2018 at 01:15:47.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: West Berkshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Kintbury

National Grid Reference: SU 36254 65468

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Although a large number of moated sites are known, relatively few survive in Berkshire. This example is particularly important as it survives well and has high potential for the survival of archaeological or palaeoenvironmental evidence. This is demonstrated by the recovery of fragmentary brick and tile as well as quantities of medieval pottery.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a circular water-filled moat immediately north-east of Balsdon Farm. The moat has an external diameter of 75m with a causeway on the south-west side. The moat survives to a width of between 8 and 12m and encloses an area c.50m across. Originally the earthwork surrounded the 13th century manor house of Balsdon. A deep well, formerly within the house, was recognisable in 1870 but has since been filled in. Much medieval pottery was found on the interior in 1958. A quantity of fragmentary brick and tile can still be seen.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12013

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Berkshire: Volume IV, (1924), 206
'Transactions of the Newbury and District Field Club' in Trans Newbury and District FC, (1870), 132-4
Other
Dennison, E and Darvill, T, HBMC Monument Class Description - Moats, 1988,

End of official listing