Long barrow 200m north west of Longlands Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013258

Date first listed: 31-Oct-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Sep-1996


Ordnance survey map of Long barrow 200m north west of Longlands Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: West Dorset (District Authority)

Parish: Winterbourne Abbas

National Grid Reference: SY 60436 90043

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The long barrow 200m north west of Longlands Farm survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. A later round barrow cemetery appears to focus on the location of the long barrow.


The monument includes a long barrow situated on the South Dorset Downs below the crest of a north facing slope overlooking the valley of the South Winterbourne. During the Bronze Age, the long barrow acted as a focus for the development of a round barrow cemetery. The barrow, which is aligned east-west, has a mound composed of earth, chalk and flint with maximum dimensions of 25m by 15m and a maximum height of c.0.5m. To the north and south are ditches from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. These are no longer visible at ground level, as they have become infilled over the years, but they will survive as buried features c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22948

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 432

End of official listing