Ribden Low bowl barrow

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013397

Date first listed: 15-Jul-1966

Date of most recent amendment: 03-Aug-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Ribden Low bowl barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: Staffordshire Moorlands (District Authority)

Parish: Cotton

National Grid Reference: SK 07628 47769

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some mutilation of the barrow's western side by quarrying and limited antiquarian investigation at the centre of the mound, Ribden Low bowl barrow survives reasonably well. This investigation located human remains, flint, pottery and bronze artefacts, and further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the barrow and upon the old landsurface.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes Ribden Low bowl barrow located on the summit of Ribden Hill. It survives as a slightly mutilated oval earthen mound up to 1.8m high with maximum dimensions of 31m by 27m. Limited antiquarian investigation of the barrow's centre located a large flat capstone over a drywalled cist. This cist contained a contracted inhumation, a flint knife and two barbed and tanged arrowheads. Adjacent to the cist was a pit 0.6m deep dug into the old landsurface. The pit was paved with flat stones and contained a cremation, two flints and five bone artefacts. Burnt bones, pottery, two small pieces of bronze and a flint were also found during the investigation. A post and wire fence aligned north-west/south-east crossing the centre of the mound is excluded from the scheduling. Also excluded is an Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar on the barrow's summit. The ground beneath these features, however, is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13596

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861)
Other
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Bateman, Illustrations of Antiquity (Unpub volume of drawings), Sheffield City Museum
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

End of official listing