Motte castle at the south end of East Dudston hamlet

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1013489
Date first listed:
19-Nov-1974
Date of most recent amendment:
20-Nov-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Motte castle at the south end of East Dudston hamlet
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Shropshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Chirbury with Brompton
National Grid Reference:
SO 24462 97410

Reasons for Designation

Motte castles are medieval fortifications introduced into Britain by the Normans. They comprised a large conical mound of earth or rubble, the motte, surmounted by a palisade and a stone or timber tower. In a majority of examples an embanked enclosure containing additional buildings, the bailey, adjoined the motte. Motte castles and motte-and-bai1ey castles acted as garrison forts during offensive military operations, as strongholds, and, in many cases, as aristocratic residences and as centres of local or royal administration. Built in towns, villages and open countryside, motte castles generally occupied strategic positions dominating their immediate locality and, as a result, are the most visually impressive monuments of the early post-Conquest period surviving in the modern landscape. Over 600 motte castles and motte-and-bailey castles are recorded nationally, with examples known from most regions. Some 100-150 examples do not have baileys and are classified as motte castles. As one of a restricted range of recognised early post-Conquest monuments, they are particularly important for the study of Norman Britain and the development of the feudal system. Although many were occupied for only a short period of time, motte castles continued to be built and occupied from the 11th to the 13th centuries, after which they were superseded by other types of castle.

Although the motte castle at the south end of East Dudston hamlet has been disturbed on its western and northern sides it will retain archaeological information relating to its construction and to the character of its occupation. Environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which it was constructed will survive sealed on the old land surface beneath the motte and in the sediments of the surviving portion of the surrounding ditch. Such motte castles, when considered either as single sites or as part of a broader medieval landscape, contribute valuable information concerning the settlement pattern, economy and social structure of the countryside during the medieval period.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a small motte castle situated on a low rise of land approximately 1km east of the Welsh border. It includes a well defined castle mound, or motte, roughly oval in plan with dimensions at base of 28m north west to south east by 20m transversely and standing up to 2.5m high. The summit of the motte is slightly rounded in profile and measures 8m by 6m. Around the south side of the motte there are the remains of a partly water-filled ditch averaging 4m wide with a counter-scarp, outer bank 0.9m high. Both the ditch and the bank would have originally continued around the remaining sides of the mound but the foundation excavations for farmbuildings and a roadway will have removed any archaeological evidence for either the bank or ditch on the west, north and east sides of the motte. All fencing within the area of the scheduling is excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
19228
Legacy System:
RSM

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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