Bowl barrow in Taylors Wood, 350m north east of Swan Lodge: part of a barrow cemetery on and around Salthouse Heath


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013561

Date first listed: 26-Jun-1924

Date of most recent amendment: 30-Oct-1995


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow in Taylors Wood, 350m north east of Swan Lodge: part of a barrow cemetery on and around Salthouse Heath
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Norfolk

District: North Norfolk (District Authority)

Parish: Cley Next the Sea

National Grid Reference: TG 06990 42077


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 350m north east of Swan Lodge survives well and will retain archaeological information concerning its construction and the manner and duration of its use. Evidence for the local environment during and prior to this period is likely to be preserved also, in soils buried beneath the mound. The barrow is a component of the largest barrow cemetery in Norfolk and has additional interest in that context. Limited investigations of some of the other barrows in the group have shown that the cemetery was in use over several centuries and includes different types of round barrow and considerable diversity in the forms and rites of burial. The evidence contained in the barrows as a group is of wider significance for the study of the character and development of the prehistoric population of the area.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow, which is part of a dispersed round barrow cemetery extending over an area of c.1.3 sq km on and around Salthouse Heath. The barrow is situated c.50m from the boundary between the parishes of Cley next the Sea and Salthouse, to the east of it, and is visible as an earthen mound standing to a height of c.0.6m and covering an area c.17m in diameter. The mound is thought to be encircled by a ditch c.2.5m wide, similar to ditches observed around other barrows in the area. This ditch, from which earth was dug and used in the construction of the barrow, has become infilled and is no longer visible on the ground surface, but will survive as a buried feature. The estimated overall diameter of the barrow is therefore 22m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21359

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Henderson, E, 'Proc Prehist Soc East Anglia' in Opening of a Barrow at Salthouse, Norfolk, , Vol. 2, (1918), 155
6186: North Norfolk, Cley next the Sea.,
NAR TG 04 SE 12, (1980)

End of official listing