Two bowl barrows in Taylors Wood, 260m north east of Swan Lodge: part of a barrow cemetery on and around Salthouse Heath


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013562

Date first listed: 18-Oct-1995


Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows in Taylors Wood, 260m north east of Swan Lodge: part of a barrow cemetery on and around Salthouse Heath
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Norfolk

District: North Norfolk (District Authority)

Parish: Cley Next the Sea

National Grid Reference: TG 06891 42083


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrows 260m north east of Swan Lodge survive well, and the mound of the smaller barrow, to the south west, is particularly well defined. They will retain archaeological information concerning their construction and the manner and duration of their use. Evidence for the local environment before and during that period is also likely to be preserved in soils buried beneath the mounds. The barrows are a component of the largest round barrow cemetery in Norfolk, and have additional interest in that context. Limited investigations of some of the other barrows in the group have shown that the cemetery was in use over several centuries, and includes different types of round barrow and a considerable diversity in the forms and rites of burial. The evidence contained in these barrows as a group is of wider significance for the study of the character and development of the prehistoric population of the area.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes two bowl barrows within a dispersed round barrow cemetery extending over an area of c.1.3 sq km on and immediately around Salthouse Heath. The two barrows, which are situated c.140m from the boundary between the parishes of Cley next the Sea and Salthouse, to the north east and east, are visible as earthen mounds c.23m apart on a north east to south west alignment. The larger mound, to the north east, stands to a height of c.1m and covers a circular area with a diameter of c.14m. The second mound measures c.1m in height and c.12m in diameter. It is thought that each of the mounds is encircled by a ditch c.2.5m wide, from which earth was dug and used in the construction of the barrows. These ditches have become infilled and are no longer visible on the ground surface, but will survive as buried features. The estimated overall diameters of the mounds are therefore 19m and 17m respectively.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21360

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing