Bowl barrow on Kelling Heath, south of Holgate Hill


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013585

Date first listed: 19-Jun-1978

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Oct-1995


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Kelling Heath, south of Holgate Hill
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2018 at 19:24:52.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Norfolk

District: North Norfolk (District Authority)

Parish: Kelling

National Grid Reference: TG 10316 41769


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow on Kelling Heath survives well and will contain archaeological information concerning its construction and the manner and duration of its use. Evidence for the local environment during that period will also be preserved in soils buried beneath the barrow mound. The barrow is one of several located between 1km and 2km east of a large barrow cemetery on and around Salthouse Heath, and has additional interest in that context. The cemetery includes different types of round barrow, and limited investigations of some of them have revealed a considerable diversity in the forms and rites of burial, spanning a period of several centuries. The evidence contained in these and the outlying barrows as a group has, therefore, wider importance for the study of the distribution, character and development of the prehistoric population of the area.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow located on heathland on the high ground of the Cromer ridge, close to the steep northern edge which fronts the coast. The barrow is visible as an earthen mound standing to a height of c.1m and covering a sub-circular area with a diameter of c.14m. The mound is thought to be encircled by a ditch from which earth was dug and used in the construction of the barrow. This will survive as a buried feature, although it has become completely infilled and can no longer be traced on the ground surface. The estimated overall diameter of the barrow, including a ditch, is c.20m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21373

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing