This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Drakenage Farm moated site, a fishpond and associated closes

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Drakenage Farm moated site, a fishpond and associated closes

List entry Number: 1013769

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Warwickshire

District: North Warwickshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Kingsbury

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 14-Jul-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21611

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Drakenage Farm survives well and is a good example of this class of monument. Despite some damage in the southern part of the site, the moated island will retain considerable structural and artefactual evidence for the house known to have existed here from at least the 15th century. The relationship between the ridge and furrow and the moated site illustrates the impact the moated site had on the land use of the surrounding area. The closes which overlie an area of ridge and furrow to the east of the moated site provide information on the encroachment of medieval open-field systems by small enclosed paddocks during the early post-medieval period. Additionally, the survival of related documentary and cartographic evidence enhances the importance of the site.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is situated on relatively low-lying ground within the valley of the River Tame. It includes a moated site, associated closes, a fishpond and an area of ridge and furrow cultivation. The moated site occupies the central part of the site and has external dimensions of approximately 66m east-west and 58m north-south. The arms of the moat have been partly infilled, although the northern moat arm and the northern ends of the western and eastern arms remain distinctly visible as earthworks and average 12m in width. There are slight traces of an external bank beyond the northern moat arm. A waterfilled linear pond, approximately 26m long, extends eastwards from the eastern arm of the moat. This feature is plotted on a mid-19th century tithe map of the site and although its plan has since been modified, the map clearly indicates that the pond was originally an ornamental feature. It is thought to have been added sometime after the construction of the moated site. Access onto the moated island was originally via a causeway across the central part of the southern moat arm. It is not visible on the ground surface, but will survive as a buried feature. The moated island has a relatively level surface and measures approximately 40m west-east and 35m north-south. Documentary references indicate that, in 1497, the moated site was occupied by a `destroyed manor house', however, during the early to mid-16th century William Hastings leased the site and it was occupied by John Hartwell. The 1851 tithe map of the site indicates that a house occupied the central part of the moated island at this date. During the mid-19th century the house was demolished and replaced by the present farmhouse to the south of the moated site. Although there is no surface evidence on the island for the house, it will survive as buried features. To the west of the moated site is a waterfilled pond which measures 50m by 13m and has traces of stone revetting along its eastern side. It is marked on the 1851 tithe map and is thought to be medieval in origin. A dry channel is visible at the north eastern corner of the pond extending eastwards beyond the moated site. A further channel, 6m in length, links it with the north eastern corner of the moat. Fed by surface drainage, these channels are thought to have originally provided part of the water supply to the moat and the western pond. To the north of the channel are traces of two blocks of ridge and furrow cultivation. The western block is aligned north-south and extends northwards for approximately 110m as far as a field boundary, while that to the east is aligned west-east. The headland of the eastern block defines the boundary between the two blocks. A 15m wide sample area of the western block, and a 20m wide sample area of the ridge and furrow to the east are included in the scheduling in order to preserve the relationship between the ridge and furrow and the moated site and its water management system. There is further evidence of ridge and furrow cultivation to the east and south east of the moated site. Here, it is partly overlaid by several closes or paddocks which are clearly later in date and are thought to be associated with the post-medieval occupation of the moated site. The closes are bounded by shallow, inter-connecting ditches which are believed to have also served as drainage channels for surface water. One close, in the north eastern part of the site, is bounded to the west by the moated site, to the north by the drainage channel, and to the east and south by ditches and by the pond extending east from the eastern moat arm. The close situated to the south west, and adjacent to the moated site, is bounded to the east and south by a ditch which connects with the pond, and to the west, by the eastern moat arm. It is rectangular in plan with a raised, level surface and is marked on the tithe map. To the east are two further closes, one rectangular in plan, and that furthest from the moated site has a square plan. There are slight traces of ditches to the south of the closes but they are indistinct and they are not included in the scheduling. There is also evidence of ridge and furrow cultivation to the south east of the moated site; it is less distinct and has no direct relationship with the moated site and its closes, and it is not included in the scheduling. The length of walling at the southern edge of the site is not included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Bond, C J, 'Transactions of the Birmingham Archaeological Society' in DMVs in Warwickshire, , Vol. 86, (1974), 102
Other
Moat at Drakenage Farm - SMR 9,
Title: Kingsbury Tithe Apportionment (CR 328/27/1) Source Date: 1851 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Wathes, C B, (1994)

National Grid Reference: SP 22234 95262

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013769 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 09:32:31.

End of official listing