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Two bowl barrows on Huggate Wold, 600m north west of Horsedale Plantation

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two bowl barrows on Huggate Wold, 600m north west of Horsedale Plantation

List entry Number: 1013855

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: East Riding of Yorkshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Huggate

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 17-Dec-1929

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Mar-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 26543

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

These two bowl barrows are part of a closely associated group of barrows on Huggate Wold. The location of the barrows alongside an ancient greenway, and close to the very extensive systems of dykes and hollow ways dating back to the Bronze Age, offers important insights into ancient land use and territorial divisions for social, ritual and agricultural purposes in this area of the Yorkshire Wolds. Despite part excavation by J R Mortimer in 1882, and the effects of ploughing over many years, the barrows still survive as visible features in the landscape, and will contain further burials and archaeological information relating to their construction.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two adjacent Bronze Age bowl barrows on Huggate Pasture, situated about 1.5km due south of Fridaythorpe Village and 600m north west of Horsedale Plantation, in fields between Holm Dale to the north east and Horse Dale to the south. The barrows lie close together, approximately on an ENE-WSW axis, and belong to a group of six barrows surviving in close proximity in this area. Together, these form part of a much larger group of bowl barrows dispersed across Huggate Wold and Huggate Pasture. Although altered over the years by agricultural activity which has reduced the height of the barrow mounds and spread their surfaces, they are still visible as two low mounds. The easterly one of the pair survives to a height of 0.35m and is c.24 metres in diameter, while the westerly barrow is 0.25m high and c.22m in diameter. Both are surrounded by ditches c.3m wide which, although infilled by ploughing and no longer visible at ground level, will survive as buried features. These monuments were originally part of a larger cemetery of 20 barrows existing adjacent to an ancient trackway, which itself is related to the ancient greenway in the Wolds of East Yorkshire, now known as the Wolds Way. The barrow cemetery lies around 800m to the north of the linear bank system of Horse Dale, and Holm Dale to the east, and should therefore be viewed in the context of the wider ancient landscape, where very extensive systems of banks, dykes and hollow ways link large tracts of the countryside in this area of the Yorkshire Wolds. Both barrows were partly excavated by J R Mortimer in March 1882, when they were observed to have been much reduced in height and dispersed by the effects of ploughing, although then surviving to a height of around 0.75m. The eastern monument of this pair was observed to consist of loamy clay which had apparently been brought in from outside the locality, a little gritty chalk and local sediments. A total of four inhumations were discovered. Two burials - graves `A' and `B' - were found toward the centre of the mound. Grave A, constructed of gritty chalk, was orientated north-south and measured 2.1m by 1.4m and 1.4m in depth. It contained the fragmented portions of a large skull, together with other bones of a large adult, the fragments of an infant's skull, part of the leg bone of an ox, and a deer antler. The flexed remains of another, immature body were found on the rocky base of grave A, surrounded by pieces of chalk rubble. Overlying grave A was an inverted cremation urn containing the calcined bones of an adult. Another adult skeleton was found lying within the same horizon as the urn, somewhat to the south east of grave A, and was accompanied by a food vase. Grave B, constructed on loamy clay sediments, measured 1.8m long, 1m across and 0.75m deep and contained the bones of an adult. Overlying this was a crushed food vase, together with the decayed remains of an infant. The bulk of the barrow mound raised over these four inhumations consisted of unbroken horizons of loamy sediment. The western barrow of this pair was also found to consist partly of foreign loamy sediment used to augment the mound. One metre from the base of the mound was a circular grave pit (`A'), measuring 2.3m in diameter at its base and nearly 3m at its top. Within this pit lay two flexed adult bodies of medium size, 0.5m apart and facing one another, with heads to the south east. They were surrounded by small pieces of chalk rubble, were covered by a boat shaped mass of clay and were in a poor, fragmented condition. A second grave pit ('B') lay to the south east of the first, and contained the skeleton of a child aged between eight and ten years old, lying flexed on its left side, with hands to face, and skull facing east. A large circular flake of local flint lay upon the abdomen and remains of a decayed piece of wood measuring 0.6m by 4cm extended from the feet towards the head along the south side of the body. Below this lay a second interment of a young adult male, flexed upon its back, but turned slightly to the south, with the head pointing eastwards. A large, circular grave was found towards the centre of the mound, towards the south side of which, just overlying the base of the monument, lay a crushed food vessel. A translucent flint knife was found close by. Traces of a decayed skeleton lay within this horizon, within thick clay which extended into the grave. Beneath this interment lay the crouched remains of an adult skeleton, flexed on its right side, with head to the south, covered with a thick film of carbonized material, which appeared in the form of a hollow. These two interments were observed to be secondary and intrusive to the principal burials described above.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905)

National Grid Reference: SE 87272 57708

Map

Map
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End of official listing