Bowl barrow in south end of Hilly Field

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013883

Date first listed: 20-Jan-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow in south end of Hilly Field
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Surrey

District: Tandridge (District Authority)

Parish: Godstone

National Grid Reference: TQ 34869 51712

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite damage to the eastern side of the mound, most of the bowl barrow in the south end of Hilly Field survives to a height which has allowed the preservation of archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to both the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. As part of a group of at least three bowl barrows within a distance of 250m of each other, it contributes to a more detailed picture of settlement and land use in the area during the Bronze Age period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a bowl barrow situated on a rise in the Lower Greensand; it is one of a group of at least four bowl barrows in Godstone, the remains of only three of which now survive. The barrow now has a crescent shaped mound, having been disturbed on its east side. It measures 35m north-south and 33m east-west and stands to a height of 1.5m. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This is no longer visible at ground level, having become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature c.3.5m wide. Excluded from the scheduling are the fence and fence posts on the southern edge of the mound although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20168

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Lambert, U, Godstone a parish history, (1929)
Grinsell, L V, 'Surrey Archaeological Collections' in Surrey Barrows 1934-1987: A Reappraisal, , Vol. 79, (1987)

End of official listing