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Neolithic long barrow 290m south of Cowdyke Plantation

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Neolithic long barrow 290m south of Cowdyke Plantation

List entry Number: 1013906

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lincolnshire

District: West Lindsey

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Stainton Le Vale

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 21-May-1996

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27886

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds, generally with flanking ditches. They acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC), representing the burial places of Britain's early farming communities, and as such are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary activities preceding the construction of the barrow mound, including ditched enclosures containing structures related to various rituals of burial. It is probable, therefore, that long barrows acted as important spiritual sites for their local communities over considerable periods of time. The long barrows of the Lincolnshire Wolds and their adjacent regions have been identified as a distinct regional grouping of monuments in which the flanking ditches are continued around the ends of the barrow mound, either continuously or broken by a single causeway towards one end. More than 60 examples of this type of monument are known; a small number of these survive as earthworks, but the great majority of sites are known as cropmarks and soilmarks recorded on aerial photographs where no mound is evident at the surface. Not all Lincolnshire long barrows include mounds. Current limited understanding of the processes of Neolithic mortuary ritual in Lincolnshire is that the large barrow mound represents the final phase of construction which was not reached by all mortuary monuments. Many of the sites where only the ditched enclosure is known have been interpreted as representing monuments which had fully evolved mounds, but in which the mound itself has been degraded or removed by subsequent agricultural activity. In a minority of cases, however, the ditched enclosure will represent a monument which never developed a burial mound. As a distinctive regional grouping of one of the few types of Neolithic monuments known, these sites are of great value. They were all in use over a great period of time and are thus highly representive of changing cultures of the peoples who built and maintained them. All forms of long barrow on the Lincolnshire Wolds and its adjacent regions are therefore considered to be of national importance and all examples with significant surviving remains are considered worthy of protection.

Although the long barrow south of Cowdyke Plantation cannot be seen on the ground, its survival in good condition beneath the present ground surface is clearly apparent from air photography. Valuable archaeological deposits will survive within the ditch and on the buried ground surface. These will illustrate the period and construction of the monument and the sequence of burial ritual at this site. Environmental evidence will also be retained in these deposits and will contain information relating to the appearance of the landscape in which the monument was set. The long barrow is one of a group of similar monuments associated with the valley of the Waithe Beck and with the prehistoric trackway now known as High Street. These associations pose wider questions concerning not only the ritual significance of the chosen locations of these barrows but also the patterns of Neolithic settlement on the Lincolnshire Wolds.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried remains of a Neolithic long barrow located 150m above sea level on an east facing slope of the Waithe Beck Valley. Although the monument cannot be seen on the ground it is clearly visible as a soilmark on aerial photographs. It appears as an elongated, slightly wedge shaped oblong enclosure aligned east-west, delineated by an infilled ditch measuring c.40m long by 20m wide. The eastern end of the ditch is wider and more rectilinear in plan than that to the west and the circuit is unbroken, a form thought to indicate a simpler type of this monument class. The ditched enclosure is believed to have been a focus for mortuary activities, including the exposure of human remains and the remains of structures and deposits associated with these activities will survive as buried features. The long barrow is one of a group of similar monuments associated with the valley of the Waithe Beck and with High Street (the B1225) which originated as a prehistoric trackway.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Phillips, C W, 'Archaeologia' in Excavation of Giants' Hills Long Barrow, Skendleby, Lincs., , Vol. 85, (1936), 37-106
Other
discussion, Jones, D, (1995)
oblique monochrome photograph, Everson, P, 2955/36, (1978)

National Grid Reference: TF 15137 94594

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013906 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 02:14:31.

End of official listing