Neolithic long barrow 530m west of Moor Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013917

Date first listed: 23-Dec-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Neolithic long barrow 530m west of Moor Farm
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lincolnshire

District: East Lindsey (District Authority)

Parish: Ludford

National Grid Reference: TF 18777 90049

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds, generally with flanking ditches. They acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC), representing the burial places of Britain's early farming communities, and as such are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary activities preceding the construction of the barrow mound, including ditched enclosures containing structures related to various rituals of burial. It is probable, therefore, that long barrows acted as important spiritual sites for their local communities over considerable periods of time. The long barrows of the Lincolnshire Wolds and their adjacent regions have been identified as a distinct regional grouping of monuments in which the flanking ditches are continued around the ends of the barrow mound, either continuously or broken by a single causeway towards one end. More than 60 examples of this type of monument are known; a small number of these survive as earthworks, but the great majority of sites are known as cropmarks and soilmarks recorded on aerial photographs where no mound is evident at the surface. Not all Lincolnshire long barrows include mounds. Current limited understanding of the processes of Neolithic mortuary ritual in Lincolnshire is that the large barrow mound represents the final phase of construction which was not reached by all mortuary monuments. Many of the sites where only the ditched enclosure is known have been interpreted as representing monuments which had fully evolved mounds, but in which the mound itself has been degraded or removed by subsequent agricultural activity. In a minority of cases, however, the ditched enclosure will represent a monument which never developed a burial mound. As a distinctive regional grouping of one of the few types of Neolithic monuments known, these sites are of great value. They were all in use over a great period of time and are thus highly representive of changing cultures of the peoples who built and maintained them. All forms of long barrow on the Lincolnshire Wolds and its adjacent regions are therefore considered to be of national importance and all examples with significant surviving remains are considered worthy of protection.

The long barrow 530m west of Moor Farm will retain rare archaeological deposits on the buried ground surface and in the fills of the ditch. These will provide valuable information relating to the form and construction of the monument, the period of its use and the sequence of funerary rituals at the site. Environmental evidence preserved in the same deposits will illustrate the appearance of the landscape in which the long barrow was constructed and used. The barrow is one of a number of similar monuments in the area whose associations with the valleys of the Waithe Beck and the River Bain, and with the adjacent prehistoric trackway indicate the ritual significance of the location. The frequency of these monuments has wider implications for the study of Neolithic demography and settlement patterns in the region.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried remains of a Neolithic long barrow located some 135m above sea level below the summit of a broad plateau between the sources of the Waithe Beck and the River Bain. Although the barrow cannot be seen on the ground it is clearly visible from the air and has been recorded on aerial photographs as a cropmark in an arable field to the south of a small plantation known as Far Dickey Crook. It appears as a trapezoidal enclosure aligned north east-south west, delineated by a ditch measuring c.42m in length by 26m wide. The ditch is not thought to be broken by a causeway, a form representing a simpler type of this monument class in which the enclosure set aside for mortuary activities was not elaborated by the construction of a large earthen mound. Structures and deposits associated with these features will survive as buried features. The long barrow is one of a number of similar monuments associated with the valleys of the Waithe Beck and the River Bain, and with High Street which originated as a prehistoric trackway and which lies approximately 800m to the west.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27852

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Burl, A, The Stonehenge People, (1989), 30
Phillips, C W, 'Archaeologia' in Excavation of Giants' Hills Long Barrow, Skendleby, Lincs., , Vol. 85, (1936), 37-106
Other
discussions, Jones, D, (1995)
oblique monochrome photograph, Everson, P, 2978/33-36, (1979)

End of official listing