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Neolithic long barrow 495m north of Moon Wood, one of a pair of long barrows known as Deadmen's Graves

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Neolithic long barrow 495m north of Moon Wood, one of a pair of long barrows known as Deadmen's Graves

List entry Number: 1013923

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lincolnshire

District: East Lindsey

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Claxby St. Andrew

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 23-Aug-1934

Date of most recent amendment: 22-Feb-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27874

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds, generally with flanking ditches. They acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC), representing the burial places of Britain's early farming communities, and as such are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary activities preceding the construction of the barrow mound, including ditched enclosures containing structures related to various rituals of burial. It is probable, therefore, that long barrows acted as important spiritual sites for their local communities over considerable periods of time. The long barrows of the Lincolnshire Wolds and their adjacent regions have been identified as a distinct regional grouping of monuments in which the flanking ditches are continued around the ends of the barrow mound, either continuously or broken by a single causeway towards one end. More than 60 examples of this type of monument are known; a small number of these survive as earthworks, but the great majority of sites are known as cropmarks and soilmarks recorded on aerial photographs where no mound is evident at the surface. Not all Lincolnshire long barrows include mounds. Current limited understanding of the processes of Neolithic mortuary ritual in Lincolnshire is that the large barrow mound represents the final phase of construction which was not reached by all mortuary monuments. Many of the sites where only the ditched enclosure is known have been interpreted as representing monuments which had fully evolved mounds, but in which the mound itself has been degraded or removed by subsequent agricultural activity. In a minority of cases, however, the ditched enclosure will represent a monument which never developed a burial mound. As a distinctive regional grouping of one of the few types of Neolithic monuments known, these sites are of great value. They were all in use over a great period of time and are thus highly representive of changing cultures of the peoples who built and maintained them. All forms of long barrow on the Lincolnshire Wolds and its adjacent regions are therefore considered to be of national importance and all examples with significant surviving remains are considered worthy of protection.

The Neolithic long barrow 495m north of Moon Wood stands as a prominent earthwork clearly visible from the public highway. Despite the encroachment of a chalk pit, the long barrow is largely intact and will therefore retain rare archaeological deposits beneath the mound and in the fills of the buried ditch. These will contain important information relating to its dating and construction and to the sequence of mortuary ritual at the site. Environmental evidence preserved in the same features will contain information on the nature of the landscape in which the monument was constructed and used. The monument is one of two closely associated long barrows known as Deadmen's Graves. They form the only closely associated pair of mounded long barrows now visible as earthworks in Lincolnshire, and their proximity indicates the ritual significance of the location during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a Neolithic long barrow located 50m above sea level below the summit of a spur above the source of the Burlands Beck, 495m north of Moon Wood. The mound is aligned east-west, is approximately 57m long by 18m wide and stands to a height of some 2m at the eastern end, decreasing over its length to c.0.3m in the south. A small chalk pit has encroached upon the mound's central section, but otherwise the mound remains largely intact and there has been no interference at the eastern end which will retain the highest concentration of mortuary evidence. Material for the mound would have been quarried from an encircling causewayed ditch and although this ditch is not now visible, it is thought to survive buried beneath the present ground surface. The monument is one of a closely associated pair of long barrows known as Deadmen's Graves. Its partner, which is the subject of a separate scheduling, is situated 150m to the WNW along the same hill contour.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 10 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: TF 44582 71899

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 03:12:07.

End of official listing