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Long barrow 400m north west of Sevenbarrows House

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Long barrow 400m north west of Sevenbarrows House

List entry Number: 1013945

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: West Berkshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Lambourn

County: Oxfordshire

District: Vale of White Horse

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Kingston Lisle

County: Oxfordshire

District: Vale of White Horse

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Sparsholt

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 20-Aug-1936

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Dec-1995

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12025

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

Only three long barrows are recorded in Berkshire. As such they represent outliers to the important cluster of similar monuments in Wiltshire and Oxfordshire. This example has particular significance as it has produced the earliest date for such a monument in Britain.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow 400m north west of Sevenbarrows House. The monument survives as an earthwork with the eastern end standing to a height of 1.5m. It is orientated east-west with the eastern end partly in woodland. On the north side of the mound the ditch is most clearly defined, surviving to a width of c.8m and a depth of up to 0.4m. The mound survives to a length of 70m and a width of 18m. Partial excavation in 1964 produced a crouched female adult burial with perforated marine shells as well as other bones, animal and human, flint tools and pottery. The site has also been dated to 3415 BC, currently the earliest date for a long barrow in Britain.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Gaffney, V, Tingle, M, The Maddle Farm Project, (1989)
Grinsell, L V, Archaeology of Wessex, (1958)
Grinsell, L V, 'Berkshire Archaeological Journal' in Berkshire Archaeological Journal (Volume 40), , Vol. 40, (1936)
Wymer, J J, 'Berkshire Archaeological Journal' in Berkshire Archaeological Journal, , Vol. 62, (1965)
Wymer, J J, 'Antiquity' in Antiquity, , Vol. 44, (1970)

National Grid Reference: SU 32306 83384

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013945 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 10:52:00.

End of official listing