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Round cairn on Birkrigg Common, 600m north west of High Sunbrick Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn on Birkrigg Common, 600m north west of High Sunbrick Farm

List entry Number: 1013964

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: South Lakeland

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Urswick

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 27-Feb-1996

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27691

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited investigation at the centre of the monument, the round cairn 600m north west of High Sunbrick Farm survives reasonably well. This investigation has exposed a stone cist or burial chamber, and further evidence of inhumations will exist within the cairn and upon the old landsurface beneath.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round cairn located on a small hillside plateau on Birkrigg Common, 600m north west of High Sunbrick Farm. It includes a turf covered slightly oval-shaped mound of limestone rubble measuring 15m east-west by 14m north-south and up to 0.8m high. At the centre of the cairn there is a small disturbed area indicating the position of an unrecorded investigation of the monument. Within this area of disturbance there are two upright limestone slabs which formed part of the cist or stone chamber within which an inhumation burial would have been placed.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Gelderd, C, 'Trans Cumb & West Antiq & Arch Soc. New Ser.' in Some Birkrigg Barrows, , Vol. XIV, (1914), 466-8
Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
SMR No. 2370, Cumbria SMR, Birkrigg, (1986)

National Grid Reference: SD 28549 74452

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013964 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 05:39:51.

End of official listing