Round cairn, 400m north west of Bellion Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014057

Date first listed: 03-Nov-1964

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Mar-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn, 400m north west of Bellion Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Netherwitton

National Grid Reference: NZ 09564 90611

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite disturbance by antiquarian excavation, the cairn near Bellion Farm retains significant archaeological deposits. The importance of the monument is enhanced by the survival of other cairns in the vicinity which taken together will contribute to any study of Bronze Age settlement and activity in the area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a round cairn of Bronze Age date situated on a slight rise between the River Font and one of its tributaries, the Ewesley Burn. The cairn, constructed of stone and earth, which has become spread, measures 28m in diameter and stands to a maximum height of 1.2m. It is thought that an encircling ditch survives beneath the spread cairn material. The cairn was subject to an antiquarian part excavation in 1828 which uncovered a cist or stone coffin near its centre orientated east to west. It contained the remains of teeth and fragments of bone which represent the remains of a burial, but the location of these is no longer known.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25175

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Cowan, J D, 'Proc Soc Antiq Ncle 4 ser 11' in Proc Soc Antiq Ncle 4 ser 11, (1950), 171-2
Other
NZ 09 SE 02,

End of official listing