Bowl barrow 50m west of the Battery Hill triangulation point
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1014090
Date first listed: 05-Mar-1996
The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1014090 .pdf
The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.
This copy shows the entry on 17-Feb-2019 at 15:33:18.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference: SU 20571 34851
Reasons for Designation
Since 1916 the Porton Down Range has been used for military purposes. As on
the Salisbury Plain Training Area, this has meant that it has not been subject
to the intensive arable farming seen elsewhere on the Wessex chalk. Porton, as
a result, is one of very few surviving areas of uncultivated chalk downland in
England and contains a range of well-preserved archaeological sites, many of
Neolithic or Bronze Age date. These include long barrows and round barrows,
flint mines, and evidence for settlement, land division and agriculture.
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
The bowl barrow 50m west of the Battery Hill triangulation point is a well preserved example of its class. Despite the insertion of the flagpole base the barrow exhibits a largely original profile with, in places, a pronounced ditch surrounding the mound. The barrow will contain archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age beliefs, economy and environment.
The monument includes a ditched bowl barrow, lying on a gentle north west
facing slope immediately below the crest of Battery Hill.
The barrow has a mound 20m in diameter and 1m high on the summit of which a
flagpole base and anchor points have been inserted. On its western side is a
depression 3.5m by 2m and up to 0.8m deep. In places around the mound a ditch
can be seen, 3m wide and up to 0.3m deep. The ditch, from which material to
construct the mound was quarried survives, where not visible on the surface,
as a buried feature.
Excluded from the scheduling are the flagpole base and anchor points together
with the archaeological site marker to the south of the barrow although the
ground beneath them is included.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 26752
Legacy System: RSM
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing